Autism is a complex brain disorder that first appears during early childhood. It affects how a person behaves and interacts with others. People with autism might not look you in the eye when talking. They may spend a lot of time lining up toys or other objects. Or they may say the same sentence over and over.
The disorder is so variable—affecting each person in very different ways—that it can be difficult to diagnose and treat. This variability is why autism is called a “spectrum” disorder. It spans the spectrum from mild to severe and includes a wide range of symptoms.
NIH-funded scientists have been working to uncover the secrets of autism. They’ve identified genes that may boost the risk for autism. They’ve developed therapies that can help many of those affected. And they’ve found that starting treatment as early as possible can lead to better outcomes. Still, there’s much more we need to learn about this complicated condition.
–NIH News in Health